LA County to weigh allowing ethanol plant
South Sioux plant will use beef tallow to make biodiesel
LANCASTER, Calif.—Los Angeles officials this week will consider whether to approve the county's first ethanol plant.
Irvine-based BlueFire Ethanol says its plant proposed for Lancaster would be the first commercial facility in the nation to process biowaste into ethanol.
Ethanol is an alcohol added to gasoline to make it burn cleaner. . . .
The county Planning Commission will consider the proposal Wednesday, and construction on the $30 million plant could start as early as next month.
California will have five ethanol plants operating by the end of August.
SOUTH SIOUX CITY -- In a week's time, Beef Products Inc.'s plant in South Sioux City churns out about 22 million pounds of beef tallow.
That's a whole lot of fat. Soon, most, if not all, of it will be used to power semi-trucks, pickups and other vehicles that run on diesel fuel.
BPI, the world's largest producer of lean boneless beef, has teamed with a biodiesel producer, Natural Innovative Renewable Energy. The two firms on Friday formally unveiled plans for a 60-million-gallon-per-year biodiesel plant, expected to create three dozen new jobs.
The company hopes to start construction this fall or early next year, said Jim Venner, a Breda, Iowa-based consultant for the biodiesel project. After the startup, production could begin as early as 18 months later, he said.
The $100 million project would become Nebraska's largest biodiesel plant, and the first in the state to make the clean-burning, renewable fuel from animal fat.
Gov. Dave Heineman, who headlined Friday's groundbreaking ceremony, said he expects Natural Innovative Renewable Energy to help elevate the Cornhusker state's biodiesel industry to the same level as its corn-based ethanol production, which now ranks No. 2 in the nation.
As you read these stories, think not just about the fuel, but about all of the related economic activity that the projects are creating, and how the money invested is staying in each area's local economy. Also note how in each area, fuel is being made from local resources.
Hawaii: 8 million gallons of biodiesel per year from algae
An algae-based oil factory is being proposed for Maui. Here, a marine algae venture, run by HR BioPetroleum Inc. and Royal Dutch Shell PLC, is shown in Kailua-Kona.
Missouri: 15 million gallons of biodiesel per year from animal fat.
Alexander & Baldwin Inc., HR BioPetroleum Inc. and Hawaiian Electric Industries subsidiaries Hawaiian Electric Co. and Maui Electric Co. said yesterday they have signed a tentative agreement to build an algae plant on up to 1,000 acres of agricultural land owned by A&B next to HECO's Maalaea power plant starting in 2011.
The estimated yield of an algae farm is 6,000 to 10,000 gallons of biodiesel an acre a year, more than the 600 gallons an acre produced from palm or jatropha, or 48 gallons an acre from soy beans, Shonsey said.
Louisiana: 75 million gallons per year of synthetic fuel from animal fat.
St. Joseph’s third biodiesel plant broke ground Wednesday morning on south Stockyards Expressway.
It was only ceremonial; ground preparation work is already done at Terra Bioenergy. Concrete pads are poured for storage tanks and much of the equipment for the refinery is built, waiting to be installed.
The $25 million plant is scheduled to be complete in February. It will employ 25 to 30 people and produce 15 million gallons per year, said David Holcombe, chief executive officer of Terra.
Terra’s plant will primarily use animal fat to produce biodiesel, which can be used in virtually all diesel engines. The animal fat gives Terra an edge over most other operations, which use soybean or vegetable oil, Mr. Holcombe said.
Iowa: 55 million gallons ethanol per year from corn
Once in operation, the Geismar plant is expected to produce about 75 million gallons of renewable synthetic fuel annually. The fuel produced by the venture will offer the same benefits of synthetic fuels derived from coal or natural gas while providing substantial performance and environmental advantages over petroleum-based fuels. These benefits include higher cetane levels, which are a measure of combustion quality, and superior thermal stability, making it effective for advanced military applications. In addition, replacing traditional petroleum fuel with this fuel substantially reduces total greenhouse gas emissions.
Unlike the ethanol and bio-diesel industries, which use food ingredients such as corn and soybeans to produce fuel, the Dynamic Fuels project will use various non-food grade animal fats produced or procured by Tyson Foods, such as beef tallow, pork lard, chicken fat and greases.
Mozambique: 55 million gallons of ethanol per year from sugarcane.
The plant in Superior, owned by Green Plains Renewable Energy Inc, produced its first 20,000 gallons of ethanol early Tuesday.
Wayne B. Hoovestol, chief executive officer, told invited media the plant can produce 100 gallons of ethanol a minute at normal speeds.
The plan is to use corn purchased through the Great Plains network as well as from farmers. "It will all be purchased locally," he said.
The local area encompasses a 20-mile radius. It is anticipated the facility will spend $130 million per year to purchase the 18-20 million bushels of corn needed to produce ethanol and its revered byproduct, distillers grain.
Once the ethanol is produced, it will exit the plant on unit trains comprised of 80-90 cars.
Hoovestol said the rail-delivered ethanol will be transported to California, Florida, New York and other locales.
Hoovestol said it takes approximately 2 1/2 weeks to fill a train. "We will be producing over one million gallons a week."
MAPUTO, July 16 (Xinhua) -- The Mozambican government on Tuesday approved a large biofuel project, under which 18,000 hectares in Dombe, in the central province of Manica, will be planted with sugarcane for the production of ethanol.
The project, budgeted at 280 million U.S. dollars, belongs to the company "Mozambique Principle Energy".
Although the government spokesperson, Deputy Education Minister Luis Covane, told reporters that this firm is owned by Mozambican and Mauritian interests, its parent company, Principle Capital, is registered in London, and also has offices in Geneva and Cape Town.
The goal of Principle Energy is to produce 213 million litres of ethanol a year, starting in 2013. This will require a production of 2.5 million tons of sugarcane a year (12,000 tons ofcane per hectare).
This project also includes the production of 82.2 megawatts of energy, starting in 2012. The company itself will use 20 percent of this, and supply the remainder to the national grid.